From the Pacific coast to the Atlantic, from the Great Lakes to the Arctic and the border with Alaska – the unbelievable vastness ensures an almost never-ending variety of impressions and experiences. Canada, the second largest country after Russia, has the longest coastline in the world, at around 250,000 kilometers and, even if much of this coast is covered with ice and more or less inaccessible, a huge number of fantastic diving spots.
Various Native American tribes began colonizing Canada around 12,000 years ago. The Inuit followed around 5,000 years ago. They settled the northeastern Arctic areas (today Nunavut). The Vikings settled in Canada on the east coast about 1,000 years ago and the Europeans for about 500 years.
But even today, the population is extremely thin, with just 38 million inhabitants, which is about the same as the Polish population, spread over an area roughly the size of Europe.
Most of the landscape is tundra and mountain regions. But also vast stretches of coniferous and deciduous forests, as well as areas with thousands of lakes and rivers, cover large areas.
Grizzly bears that catch salmon migrating into the rivers, moose with mighty antlers, gigantic octopuses, orcas, humpback whales feeding herring, otters, belugas that migrate to estuaries to give birth to their young, polar bears that spend the summer waiting for pack ice coming back again allowing them to hunt seals or being able to spend all year around on the sea ice in the high arctic regions of Nunavut, narwhals, walruses and much more – Canada combines a lot of wild and partly untouched nature with different habitats and wildlife.